Eighty-Fifth Regiment, Indiana Volunteers
Dates: 1862-1865
Accession Number: Sm. D.C. 27B
Donor: Vigo County Historical Society
Description: 8 folders in a small document case


The Eighty-Fifth Regiment, Indiana Volunteers was organized at Camp Vigo in Terre Haute on September 2, 1862. The regiment was commanded by Colonel John P. Baird.

The 85th Regiment was headquartered in Kentucky until February 1863 when it marched to Franklin, Tennessee. At its first engagement, the battle of Thompson's Station (March 5, 1863), the regiment suffered heavy losses in killed and wounded. Surrounded by the troops of Nathan Bedford Forrest, the regiment surrendered and was sent to Libby Prison in Richmond, Virginia.

The 85th was released from Libby Prison as part of a prisoner exchange on March 31, 1863. In June 1863, the regiment returned to Tennessee and patrolled the railroad between Nashville and Chattanooga. In April 1864 the regiment joined up with General William Tecumseh Sherman's march toward Atlanta, Georgia, participating in every major engagement of the campaign up to the capture of the Confederate capital in Richmond, Virginia in April 1865.

The 85th Regiment was mustered out of service in Washington, D.C. on June 12, 1865.

Content and Scope of Collection

This collection contains general orders, distribution rolls, a roster of commissioned officers, inspection reports, inventories of supplies and stores, and orders relative to appointments and discipline.

Small Document Case 27B





Folder 1

Paper presented to the Vigo County Historical Society by Meribah Clark; includes origin of the collection; overview of documents found, a brief history of the regiment, and a roster of officers

Dec. 9, 1952





"Civil War Group to be Discussed"   (article in the Terre Haute Star)

Dec. 6, 1952





"1862 Call to Arms" (article)





Folder 2

General Orders

Aug. 16, 1862




Folder 3

General Orders

Sept. 24, 1862-
Nov. 28, 1862




Folder 4

Special Orders

Sept. 22, 1862-
Oct. 22, 1862




Folder 5

Communications and Correspondence

Sept. 30, 1862-
June 15, 1863




Folder 6

Rosters, reports, and lists of officers and enlisted men





Folder 7

Supply lists; inventory and inspection reports





Folder 8

Morning Reports







9th Detached Regiment, Michigan Infantry

Oct. 1, 1862;
Oct. 2, 1862







21st Battery, Indiana Volunteers

Oct. 1, 1862;
Oct. 6, 1862







107th Ohio Regiment

Oct. 2, 1862