Inventory
 

Eugene V. Debs Collection
Dates: 1832-1973
Donors: Ned A. Bush, Sr. and Marguerite Debs Cooper
Accession Number: 780605
Description: One record storage box, one document case,
                            and one phonograph record


Biography

Eugene V. Debs was a five-time presidential candidate on the Socialist Party ticket, an advocate of industrial unionism, and a champion of the working class. Born in 1855 in Terre Haute, Indiana, Debs was introduced to the plight of the working man as a fireman on the railroad. He organized the first local lodge of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen in 1875, later becoming secretary-treasurer of the national organization and editor of its magazine. He was elected city clerk of Terre Haute in 1883 and member of the Indiana House in 1885.

Dissatisfied with the parochial nature of the established trade unions, Debs formed the American Railway Union in 1893. Although the A. R. U. led a successful strike against the Great Northern Railway in 1894, they were less successful later that year in their confrontation with the Pullman Car Company, a strike that earned Debs both national recognition and a jail sentence.

In 1897 Debs transformed the moribund American Railway Union into the Social Democratic Party of America (later the Socialist Party of America) and ran unsuccessfully for President on its ticket in 1900 and 1904. After helping found the International Workers of the World in 1905, Debs ran for President again in 1908 and 1912. Declining to run in 1916, he spent much of his time lecturing and writing for numerous Socialist publications. Debs' vehement opposition to U. S. entry into World War I secured him another jail term, imprisoned for violation of the Espionage Act. In 1920 from his Atlanta prison cell, Debs ran for President for the last time. Released in 1921 by President Warren Harding, Debs spent the rest of his life lecturing and writing. He died in Elmhurst, Illinois, in 1926.

Content and Scope of Collection

The miscellaneous materials that constitute this collection include three original documents concerning Debs' ancestry; pamphlets, booklets, newspaper clippings and other articles about Debs; booklets and articles about socialism; writings by Debs; and several photographs.

Some of the items in the collection are originals; others are photocopies of originals which are located at the Debs Museum in Terre Haute.

Series I:  Material about Eugene V, Debs

 

 

 

 

Document Case

 

 

 

 

Folder 1
 

Marriage certificate of Sebastian Bettrich and Francoise Wagner  (Manuscript in French)

1860

 

 

 

 

Genealogy of Bettrich-Wagner family(Manuscript in French)

n.d.

 

 

 

 

Death certificate of Victoire Mueller (Manuscript in French)

1832

 

 

 

Record Storage Box

 

 

 

 

Folder 2

Souvenir volume: Golden Wedding Anniversary of Jean Daniel Debs and Marguerite Marie Bettrich (Debs' parents), Terre Haute, IN

Sept. 13, 1899

 

 

 

Folder 3

Article:  Hankins, John Erskine.  "Katherine Metzel Debs: A Reminiscence," The Kansas Magazine

1949

 

 

 

Folder 4

Biographical essay on Debs by Anna Sherwood who attended Debs' funeral in 1926

Nov. 1926

 

 

 

 

Article:  Morris, Charles R.  "The Life Story of Eugene V. Debs," Terre Haute Advocate.

Dec. 19, 1969

 

 

 

Folder 5A

Pamphlets, booklets, leaflets:

 

 

 

 

 

Debs, Theodore.  "Sidelights:  Incidents in the Life of  Eugene V. Debs."

1973

 

 

 

 

"Eugene Victor Debs (1855-1955)  The Centennial Year."  Published by the Debs Centennial Committee

1956

 

 

 

 

Condo, Rev. Samuel S.  "Memorial Lecture on Eugene Victor Debs."

n.d.

 

 

 

Folder 5B

Booklet:  Kopelin, Louis.  "The Life of Debs."  People's Pocket Series No. 69

n.d.

 

 

 

 

Booklet:  Hurt, Walter.  "Eugene V. Debs: An Introduction."

n.d.

 

 

 

 

Booklet:  Claessens, August.  "Eugene Victor Debs: A Tribute."

1946

 

 

 

Folder 5C

Le Prade, Ruth, ed.  "Debs and the Poets."    (Introduction by Upton Sinclair) 

1920

 

 

 

 

Hollingsworth, J. H.  "Eugene V. Debs: What His Neighbors Say of Him."  (2 copies)

n.d.

 

 

 

Folder 5D

"The Heritage of Debs:  The Fight Against War."  Socialist Party National Headquarters

1935

 

 

 

 

"Eugene V. Debs:  The Man and His Work"    (2 copies)

n.d.

 

 

 

 

Welcome News: A Journal of A New Day (issue devoted to Debs)

n.d.

 

 

 

 

Envelope:

 

 

 

Lake, H.S. Genevra.  "Poems of Justice, inscribed  to Eugene V. Debs and the Social Democrats of the World"

1900

 

 

 

 

 

 

Swinton, John.  "1860-Lincoln; Debs-1895."

1895

 

 

 

 

 

 

Riley, James Whitcomb.  "Two Hoosier Poems:  'Terry Hut' and 'Them Flowers' "

n.d.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cooke, Edmund Vance.  "Eugene"

n.d.

 

 

 

 

Folder 6

Robert Hunter letter to Lincoln Steffens (copy)
  and script of Hunter's article about Debs -
  from Lincoln  Steffens Collection, Columbia
  University Libraries

July 6, 1908

 

 

 

Folder 7

Federal Bureau of Investigation files concerning Debs - requested from the U.S. Department of Justice by Ned Bush, Sr. (originals at Debs Museum)

1921-1954

 

 

 

Document Case

 

 

 

 

Series I:  Materials about Eugene V. Debs (continued)

 

 

 

Folder 8

 

Newspaper clippings about Debs' activities
  and his funeral (copies)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Record Storage Box (continued)

 

 

 

 

Folder 9

WTHI-TV tape (30 minutes) on Debs taped at the Debs House.  Broadcast on "Face to Face" television program January 24, 1976.  (Interviewer and narrator, Harry Frey; interviews with Shubert Sebree  and Ned A. Bush, Sr.)

 1976

 

 

 

Folder 10

"The Man from Terre Haute and His Cause"  (audiotape, 55 minutes in length)

 

 

 

 

Folder 11

Biographical information from the clippings scrapbook of Theodore Debs:

1894-1897; 1932

 

 

 

 

 

p. 1

Mr. Debs' Reception

May 4, 1894

 

 

 

 

 

p. 2

Mr. Debs's Stirring Speech

May 4, 1894

 

 

 

 

 

p. 3

President Eugene Debs, President
  of the American Railway Union

n.d.

 

 

 

 

 

p. 4

The Central Figure of the Great
  Railroad Strike as Viewed by
  Nym Crinkle

July 1, 1894

 

 

 

 

 

p. 5

Man about Town

July 7, 1894

 

 

 

 

 

p. 6

Debs and Sovereign Send a Joint
  Protest against Interference of
  Federal Troops

July 8, 1894

 

 

 

 

 

p. 7

Debs Deplores the Riots

July 8, 1894

 

 

 

 

 

 

Debs Proclamation

July 8, 1894

 

 

 

 

 

 

Movement will Render 100,000
  Work Benches in Chicago Idle

July 11, 1894

 

 

 

 

 

p. 8

Letters and Papers Seized at
  Union's Headquarters

July 11, 1894

 

 

 

 

Folder 11

Scrapbook (continued)

 

 

 

 

 

 

p. 9

Prison Life is Still His Choice

July 19, 1894

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pres. Debs Appeals for Order

July 10, 1894

 

 

 

 

 

 

Meeting at Ogden's Grove

July 21, 1894

 

 

 

 

 

p. 10

As Debs Tells The Story

July 21, 1894

 

 

 

 

 

p. 11

His Views on Political Issues

Nov. 1, 1894

 

 

 

 

 

p. 12

Debs and Erwin

Jan. 6, 1895

 

 

 

 

 

p. 13

Strike Leader Compelled to do
  His Organizing on the Quiet

n.d.

 

 

 

 

 

p. 13-
    14

Experience Has Convinced Him
  That a Strike Can Not Win
  Against U.S.

n.d.

 

 

 

 

 

pp. 14-
      15

He Believes There Will Not Be
  Another Strike, Although the
  Cause is Strong

March 15, 1895

 

 

 

 

 

pp. 15-
      16

Debs Still Here [in Spokane]

March 16, 1895

 

 

 

 

 

pp.16-
      17

[Ownership} by the Government
  Advocated by the ARU Leader

March 16, 1895

 

 

 

 

 

p. 17

Labor Agitators Are Improving
  Their Minds by Study and Debate
  During Their Imprisonment at
  Woodstock [, Illinois]

July 1, 1895

 

 

 

 

 

p. 18

The Coming Working Man

July 13, 1895

 

 

 

 

 

p. 19

Prison and Pardon

Aug. 15, 1895

 

 

 

 

 

p. 20

Received with Enthusiasm, Welcome
  to Debs

Nov. 23, 1895

 

 

 

 

 

 

A Tribute to E. V. Debs from
  Woodstock

Jan. 1, 1896

 

 

 

 

 

 

Reception in Birmingham, Alabama

March 16, 1896

 

 

 

 

 

p. 21

Articles on Debs lecture, personality
  and his visit to the South

n.d.

 

 

 

 

 

p. 22

Articles on Debs lecture, personality
  and his visit to the South

n.d.

 

 

 

 

 

p. 23

Debs in New Orleans

May 26, 1896

 

 

 

 

 

p. 26

Mr. Debs at Springfield

n.d.

 

 

 

 

 

p. 27

Incidents, Sidelights in Life of  Debs

Dec. 29, 1932

 

 

 

Folder 12

Biographical information - Newspaper clippings

1894-1965

 

 

 

Folder 13

Publications about Debs and his work:

 

 

 

 

 

 

"Debs at Canton - Extracts from his speech."
  Labor Defender.  p. 205

Dec. 1926

 

 

 

 

 

 

"The Revolutionary Heritage of Eugene Victor  Debs." James P. Cannon.  Labor Defender.   p. 210

Dec. 1926

 

 

 

 

 

 

"Debs - Lover of Men." John Haynes Holmes.  Unity.  p. 165

Nov. 15, 1926

 

 

 

 

 

 

"Gene Debs:  The Life of a Man Unafraid."  The  Call, Debs Supplement.  p. 1

Nov. 1942

 

 

 

 

 

 

"What Labor's Battle Taught Me."  Eugene V.  Debs.  The Call.  p. 2

Nov. 1942

 

 

 

 

 

 

"Who Was This  Man Debs?"  Norman Thomas.
  The Call.  p. 3

n.d.

 

 

 

 

 

 

"Gene Debs'  Heritage to Us All."  Harry  Fleischman.  The Call.  p. 3

Nov. 1942

 

 

 

 

 

 

"Gene Debs:  One of America's Greatest."  Oswald Garrison Villard.  The Call.  p. 4

Nov. 1942

 

 

 

 

 

 

"As I Remember Gene Debs."  Jessie Wallace  Hughan.  The Call.  p. 4

Nov. 1942

 

 

 

 

Folder 14A

Articles about Debs by Bernard J. Brommel:

 

 

 

 

 

 

"Advocate of Industrial Unionism"

1968

 

 

 

 

 

"Debs and Negro Rights"

n.d.

 

 

 

 

 

 

"Debs's Cooperative Commonwealth Plan for Workers"

n.d.

 

 

 

 

 

 

"Eugene V. Debs:  The Agitator as Speaker"  (published)

1969

 

 

 

 

 

 

"Eugene V. Debs:  The Agitator as Speaker"  (unpublished)

1969

 

 

 

 

 

 

"Eugene V. Debs:  Blue-Denim Spokesman"

 

 

 

 

 

Folder 14B

Speeches, articles, brochures:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

"1855 - Eugene V. Debs - 1926."  (Speech by
  Ned A. Bush, Sr.)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

"A Short Course on the Life of Eugene Victor Debs" (brochure)

1975

 

 

 

 

 

 

"Debs the Socialist" (paper for Short Course by  Shubert Sebree)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

"Debs, The Unpurchasable" (Speech by Ned A.  Bush, Sr.)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

"I Remember Gene." (Remarks of Martin H.  Miller)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

"Anniversary Memorial Service."  Ned A. Bush,  Sr.

1976

 

 

 

 

 

 

"Betrayal in the West Virginia Coal Fields:   Eugene V. Debs and the Socialist Party of America, 1912-1914."  David A. Corbin

1976

 

 

 

 

Folder 15

Synopsis of play:  'Gene Debs:  Victor! by Charles B. Millholland (play available at Debs Museum)

1939

 

 

 

Folder 16

Script:  "Conscience of America - The Years Between" by Arthur Holch, presented by DIRECTIONS as broadcast on ABC Television Network (copy)

Feb. 1, 1976

 

 

 

 

Publicity materials and reviews regarding broadcast:

 

 

 

Letter to Ned Bush from Arthur Holch

1976

 

 

 

 

 

 

Feature entitled "The American Spirit"
  concerning the importance of Debs in
  "Conscience of America - The Years Between"

1976

 

 

 

 

 

 

Letter from a viewer

1976

 

 

 

 

 

 

Review article - Christian Science Monitor

Jan. 29, 1976

 

 

 

 

 

 

Letter about jail house doors in Woodstock, IL

1976

 

 

 

 

 

 

" 'Directions' Looks at Dissent, Debs."  Review
  article from Terre Haute Tribune-Star, TV  Entertainment Preview section

Jan. 31, 1976

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Series II: Correspondence

 

 

 

 

Record Storage Box

 

 

 

 

Folder 1

Includes: 

  Letters to Debs from Theodore Dreiser (copies)

 

1922                            

 

 

 

 

  Letters from Debs to James Whitcomb Riley (copies)

1892-1898

 

 

                                     Letters from Debs to Samuel Huston (copies)

1890s

 

 

                                     Letters from Theodore Debs

1940-1941

 

 

 

 

Series III: Materials Written by Eugene V. Debs

 

 

 

 

Record Storage Box

 

 

 

 

Folder 1

More Park (Response to the toast More Park by
  Debs at the park's dedication)

June 1888

 

 

 

 

"Riley the Hoosier Poet and Interpreter," Pearson's

  Magazine

March 1917

 

 

 

 

"Recollections of Ingersoll,"  Pearson's Magazine

April 1917

 

 

 

 

"The Old Umbrella Mender,"  The Coming Nation

March 1, 1913

 

 

 

Folder 2

Political and social tracts: 

 

 

 

 

 

 

National Platform Socialist Party (party literature)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

"To the Woman Voter" (party literature)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

"Woman"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

"Watch Your Leaders, Says Debs to Workers"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

"Eugene V. Debs - The Voice of Labor:  Extracts from his Address to the Jury at his Trial in Cleveland, Ohio."

 

 

 

 

 

Folder 3

  Envelope 1



Booklets, pamphlets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

"Tribute of Love to His Father and Mother"

1899

 

 

 

 

 

 

"Woman"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

"Childhood"  (2 copies)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Comments by Eugene V. Debs on:  "The  Catholic Church and Socialism by Father Thomas McGrady."  Wayland's Monthly

Dec. 1907

 

 

 

 

Folder 3

  Envelope 2

 

 

"The Negro Workers"

 

1923

 

 

 

 

 

 

"Debs and the War:  His Canton Speech and His  Trial in the Federal Court at Cleveland."

Sept. 1918

 

 

 

 

Folder 4

  Envelope 1

Booklets, pamphlets:

         "Debs' Address to the Jury and Statement to the          Court"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

"Riley, Nye & Field - Personal Notes and   Recollections"  (2 copies)

 

 

 

 

 

Folder 4

  Scrapbook pages

 

Loose sheets with "Sacco and Vanzetti, An  Appeal to American Labor"; reviews of Upton Sinclair's The Jungle and The Brass Check  with statements by Debs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Series IV:  Photographs

 

 

 

 

Record Storage Box

 

 

 

 

Folder 1

  Envelope 1

Portrait of Eugene V. Debs as a young man

  (H. T. Biel, photographer)

n.d.

 

 

 

 

Folder 1

  Envelope 2

Debs home

n.d.

 

 

 

Folder 1

  Envelope 3

 

The Bedford (locomotive)

 

n.d.

 

 

 

 

Series V:  The Eugene V. Debs Foundation

 

 

 

 

Record Storage Box

 

 

 

 

Folder 1

Newspaper clippings from Terre Haute newspapers  that chronicle the historic background of the Foundation and record special occasions

1962-1963

 

 

 

Folder 2

Newspapers clippings

1964-1971

 

 

 

Folder 3

Flyers and brochures about Debs home from the Debs  Foundation

 

 

 

 

 

Series VI:  Materials About Organized Labor and Socialism

 

 

 

 

Record Storage Box

 

 

 

 

Folder 1

The Bulletin

March 20, 1920

 

 

 

Folder 2

Clippings - "Review of Labor's Efforts in State for  Betterment of Conditions"  (Debs is not mentioned in these clippings)

Oct. 25, 1925

 

 

 

Folder 3

Campaign literature (copies)

1912

 

 

 

Folder 4

Article about Norman Thomas in SR  (Debs is mentioned in this article)

April 12, 1969

 

 

 

Folder 5

Descriptions of phonograph records featuring Joe  Glazer (copies)

 

 

 

 

Phonograph Record Box

 

 

 

Folder 6

Phonograph record "C" - Union Train, Joe Glazer,  Collector Records  (LP record album)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Series VI:  Materials About Organized Labor and Socialism
  (continued)

 

 

 

Record Storage Box

 

 

 

 

Folder 7

  Envelope 1

Leaflets, booklets:

  "Mother Jones"

 

 

 

 

 

  "Socialism"

 

 

 

 

 

  "Social Democracy"

 

 

 

 

 

  "Socialist Party Platform"

 

 

 

 

Folder 7

  Envelope 2

 

"Constitution of the American Railway Union"

 

 

 

 

 

"A Quarter-Century of Solidarity - A History of
  Local 662, United Auto Workers"  (AFL-CIO;   Anderson, Indiana)

 

 

 

 

Document Case

 

 

 

 

Folder 8

"The Voice of Debs."  Library Bulletin (of the Tamiment Institute Library)

Nov. 1961

 

 

 

 

"The Personal Library of Eugene V. Debs."  Library Bulletin (of the Tamiment Institute Library)

Dec. 1961

 

 

 

 

Labor songs (words only)

 

 

 

 

Series VII: Newspapers

 

 

 

 

Map Drawer 10

American Appeal (Commemorative
  edition on 1-year anniversary of Debs' death)

Oct. 15, 1927

 

 

 

 

Journal de Colmar (French newspaper
  mentions Debs' role in 1894 Pullman strike)

July ?, 1894

 

 

 

 

The New World: Lincoln Phifer's Paper-Magazine
 
(Has Woman essay by Debs)

August 1916

 

 

 

 

Protest

June 1919